String Instruments

What Instrument Is Used In Arabic Music? 10+ Instruments

arabic instruments

Music is an indispensable part of people. We first resort to music to add joy to our unhappy moments or to listen to our souls. We both have fun and find ourselves in the rhythm of the music, the lyrics of the song, and briefly every note. Music started with the history of humanity and continues to exist. In ancient times, people did not know what notes were. They would make sounds by hitting or blowing. They used to make musical instruments in line with the possibilities of the time. For example, they invented the drum and the darbuka with the act of hitting, and the flute with the blowing. Since the technology was not very advanced, they used trees, animal skins, and cymbals to produce these musical instruments. By carving trees, musical instruments such as drums, flutes, or saz emerged.

Each region and culture has its musical instrument. For example, when the Black Sea region is mentioned, kamancheh comes to mind first, while instruments such as saz and baglama come to mind in the Eastern region. Today, the nation that has a wide range of musical instruments is the Arabs. Arabic music instruments inspired many nations after them and spread all over the world.

What Instrument Is Used In Arabic Music? 

When Arab music is mentioned, Arabia, North Africa, Syria, and Iran come to mind. Arab culture and instruments have a significant place. Today, many musical instruments fascinate us with both their structure and verbal features. When it comes to Arabic music, the following comes to mind.

  1. Oud

  2. Zurna

  3. Tambur

  4. Def

  5. Drum

  6. Ney

  7. Qanun

  8. Darbuka

  9. Bendir

  10. Rebab


It is an indispensable stringed instrument used in Eastern music. It is played on the knees. Qanun is also considered a type of reed. Qanun measures 95 cm by 25 cm in size and 25 cm in height. It has 24 or 26 triple wires. It can produce a three-octave sound. It is played with the help of plectrums placed on silver rings worn on the fingers.


Darbuka has a conical shape and a plain structure with an almost round head. The structure of the darbuka instrument may be different depending on their geographical location and origin. The influence of western pop and hip-hop music has influenced Middle Eastern music culture and has caused some changes in its shape and structure. In recent times, it has had a very bright interface in appearance. It gained modernity with this look. It is mostly used for entertainment purposes.


The zurna consists of three parts: head, mouth, and middle. Today, there are metal zurna, wooden zurna, or zurna made of reed. The zurna has a much louder sound than other musical instruments. We usually see the zurna playing along with the drum. The zurna has three different types according to size and tone of voice. Zurna can be produced from many tree species such as juniper, ash, dogwood, boxwood, willow, plum, mulberry, linden, and walnut. The length of the zurna should be at least 300 millimeters and at most 317 millimeters. A fork is attached to the head of his body. This tong is attached to edit the root register of the musical instrument.

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